Maria del cerro dating
As we have mentioned, each one of these porticos protects an entrance door to the lower floor, that is placed immediately under the upper one.
The lateral walls that finish in four windows, two of which correspond to an existing row of balconies at every end of the upper floor and the two others to a lateral chamber placed under each row of balconies on the lower floor; have eight buttresses, four at each side of the porticos with strias’ decoration as we will also see in the interior.
In the last zone there is a window, also a three-arched one; each one of them with two small columns and two capitals, being the central one larger, creating a sort of a copy of the lower row of balconies but much smaller.
This window is framed within two vertical decoration stripes that start from medallions with representations of animals, located between the arches of the lower zone.
We have to point out that the series of arches continue to reduce their size as they get farther from the centre, which produces a depth effect which is undoubtedly what the architect was looking for.
The also symmetrical extremes of this naves communicate with the lateral row of balconies through three areches, somewhat wider than the main one, thus generating the described structure: arches supported upon four-column bundles, a capital, a medallion and one in the shape of the decorated pilaster; in this case only with decorative motifs.
It is very difficult to describe in these few lines such a perfect work for its times.In both cases the interior arches are larger than the exterior ones and than those of the main nave, leaned in this case upon the wall and on pilasters at the sides.Later to its building, maybe to the partial collapse of San Miguel de Lillo, this palace was converted into a church, for which an altar was added at the east viewpoint, with the dedication of another church -supposedly the one we now call San Miguel- by Ramiro the First to the Virgin Mary, that is still preserved, though the original one has been replaced by a copy.It is interesting to notice that this window as well as the ensemble of the row of balconies seem to have been made as an imitation of the threee-arched window in the upper part of chevets.At the interior, the lower part consists of a main nave and two compartments at the extremes that correspond to the row of balconies of the upper plan.